· 1/8” plans
o Wall types defined and noted, doors, flooring changes, overhead elements noted, program titles and sqft. Labels, core dimensions
· 1/8” sections (2, including surrounding structures)
o Structural system, program titles, scale figures, core dimensions, neighboring structure.
· ½” section perspective
o detailing passive lighting and cooling systems, structure, and vertical circulation, scale figures, materials noted.
· 1/6” model
o Scale figures, must move beyond a massing study.
o min. two interior one exterior
looks like tylers
lots of people will get this view
I am sure you have all walked past them, but understand these Concrete Anchors just as easily could have been hidden below grade. The Anchor can become an very iconic component of a tensile structure design.
GREEN walls. SEE how it is done
the north side really is filling out
parking garage and Something else
parking garage and Something else
you must visit Ossipoff’s IBM building (Ward center next to the now closed Boarders), the brise soleil and the incredible use of simple inexpensive materials are composed beautifully.
Young and McCully
Young and McCully
Lot coverage limitations (footprint or total):
Zoning: Protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public. Zoning controls the Use of land, % of lot coverage, Massing of structure, setbacks, and parking.
Building code: building size related to fire safety, use, and construction type.
Restrictive covenants: Private limitations noted in the deed.
FAR (Floor Are Ratio)
RANDOM Example (these are NOT numbers for our project):
if a 10,000sf lot has a FAR =2 .
The building is limited to 20,000sf (total of all floors).
If the zoning for the lot limits the lot coverage to 50%, to maximize your building you would have a 4 story 5,000sf(footprint) structure equaling the allowable 20,000sf.
There are times when all the codes cut each other down. In the example above there might also be a height limit of three stories, so in the end the 50% cuts the lot coverage to 5,000sf and the height limit only allows three so the total allowable building would max out at 15,000sf even though the FAR =2. You must always incorporate the Most limiting factors.
Efficiency=Gross / Net
A Program for a project typically states the Net sf desired for the individual project elements (like a bedroom=200sf), the total building will be much greater than the sum of these due to hallways, elevators, HVAC, electrical equipment, structure….and more. The ratio of Gross(total) / Net (specified program) is the building efficiency. A completely open storage unit with very thin walls might have an efficiency in the high nineties where a Hospital that has HUGE mechanical demands typically falls around 50%. Here is a list of approximate efficiencies to aim for.
Office buildings 0.75 to 0.85
Retail stores 0.75 to 0.90
Restaurants 0.65 to 0.70
Public Libraries 0.75 to 0.80
Museums 0.83 to 0.90
Theaters 0.60 to 0.75
Hospitals 0.50 to 0.65
Understanding the relationships:
Utilizing strong passive design will decrease the required size of the HVACs, while utilizing efficient structural systems and circulation can also greatly reduce the total building or in the inverse allow for More space to be used by the enjoyed program.
Egress includes the Exit access, the Exit passageway, the Exit discharge; these must lead to a public safe area.
Exit Access is whatever you must go through to get to the Exit passageway. (like the room you are in, the isle of a theater….)
Exit Passageway will begin with a fire rated Door and must be continuously fire rated until the exit discharge.
Exit Discharge exists between the Exit and the public area which might include elements like exterior stairs, exterior alleyways, courtyards.
Size of Egress
Multiply 0.3xthe occupancy and you are given the minimum width of total fire stair
Multiply 0.2x the occupancy and you are given the minimum with of total exit doors
Max. Travel distance
National projects like Americans for the Arts Youth Arts and Rehabilitation through the Arts are dedicated to utilizing the Fine Arts to divert at-risk youth from the juvenile justice system. With a goal of improving the social behavior along with the academic performance of their youth members, these organizations help developed strong new leaders within their respective communities.
Focusing on the North-West corner of Punahou and S. King, you will design a Youth Art Center that aspires to become a source of inspiration for its members and the surrounding community. The program includes an array of public to private spaces, not limited to residential units, public galleries, workshops and visiting artist studios. You will incorporate all building program within the property limits, the assigned building codes and zoning ordinances along with a focusing on identity of your design through the tectonics (materials and assemblies).
Architecture is Experienced. Although we as designers understand the whole; perceive, arrange, and enjoy the hidden parts, it is the life of the inhabitant that we strive to design for. This semester you will discuss your project through the perception of multiple users (youth member, staff member, visiting artist, and gallery visitor). By defining key moments with each of their paths you will create a narrative that aid your design process and form your presentations.
· Develop sculpt architectural Moments utilizing Building systems
· Tackling architectural design problems from multiple scales
· Communicate gestural and technical design ideas seamlessly
Your presentation will strive for a dynamic balance between two building scales, Urban context and wall sections.
· Depth and clarity of technical information
· Level of detail in model
· Sophistication of the presentation
· Meeting minimum criteria is a C.
Urban theater stage_ 600sf
A stage for theater/film/dance that engages the Urban fabric
Easy access to art workshop
Urban theater audience_ 20-200+
Indoor or outdoor, be inventive and engage the Urban fabric
Urban theater backstage_ 600sf
Recording/editing studio_ 600sf
Art workshop_ 2000sf
Uplifting and empower space; the heart of the project
No windows, mechanically ventilated
Direct access to art workshop
Main Public entrance
Distinct areas to display/ view 2d, 3d, and digital art
Residence manager/staff_ 3 @ 600sf
Able to monitor private entrance
Visiting artists_ 3@ 600sf
Youth residence_ 9 @ 600sf
Arranged to develop a sense of community
Lanai(s)_ approx. 10% of living area
Private, semi-private or community spaces
Parking_ 12 stall min.
Vertical parking structure
Equivalent amount of dedicated park space
o CODE relative to Horizontal / Vertical circulation (hallways, stairs, and elevators)
o Sizing Active systems (HVAC)
o Passive systems (orientation, massing, and envelop)
o Structural frame
o Curtain wall detail
you might want to scan through these.
Understanding human scale is PARAMOUNT. Your first sketches must include figures.
This is exactly what trace paper is for, testing variations of details and scale.
Section perspectives are an incredible approach to simultaneously develop atmosphere and technical details